Statement by Mr. Levent Eler, Deputy Permanent Representative of Turkey, at the UN Security Council Open Debate on “Peacekeeping Operations: The UN and Regional Partnerships and Its Evolution”
Levent Eler 28.07.2014
The conditions under which today’s peacekeepers operate have changed dramatically. The number of conflicts is unfortunately on the rise, and they are increasingly of an intra-state nature. Asymmetric threats are emerging more frequently. Furthermore, UN peacekeeping has become a multidimensional establishment, with significant post-conflict peacebuilding activities in various areas. No single organization can cope with the requirements and challenges of a peacekeeping initiative.
Due to this fact, partnerships between the United Nations and regional organizations, in accordance with Chapter 8 of the UN Charter, have become indispensable. We believe that such partnerships should be established and strengthened with a strategic, long-term and mutually beneficial perspective.
As the majority of Council’s agenda is occupied by the peace and security challenges in Africa, partnership between the United Nations and the African Union draws the most attention on peacekeeping issues. It is welcoming to observe that the partnership between the two organizations has strengthened, enhanced and deepened significantly, especially in the last decade.
We also welcome the increasing coordination and coherence between the African Union and sub-regional organizations in the Continent. These efforts will further consolidate the leadership and ownership of Africa in overcoming challenges faced by the Continent.
The UN-AU partnership can further be intensified by strengthening the institutionalization of their relations. In addition, despite the enormous efforts and leadership of the AU in dealing with threats to peace and security in Africa, the organization still requires logistical, financial and capacity-building support in dealing regional instabilities. The efforts to establish African stand-by force should be redoubled. And last but not least, the UN and the AU can jointly undertake an exercise to draw lessons from past experiences.
Turkey fully supports the leading role of the United Nations in peacekeeping missions and we are also committed to expand the partnership of the UN with regional organizations in peacekeeping, peacebuilding and peacemaking efforts.
In line with this thinking, let me on this occasion point out that Turkey, Finland and the members of the Group of Friends of Mediation presented their third draft resolution that focuses on the role of regional and sub-regional organizations in mediation.
We believe that, besides the African Union, organizations including the OSCE, OIC, CICA, League of Arab States, ASEAN, BSEC, Pacific Islands Forum (PIF), Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP), Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), NATO, CELAC, UNASUR, the Organization of American States (OAS) and many other regional and sub-regional organizations have important roles to play in ensuring peace and stability together with the United Nations.
Intra-regional cooperation, such as the one between the EU and the AU, can also significantly contribute to common efforts to maintain peace and security and to build on the lessons learned from different cases.
In conclusion, we would like to seize this opportunity to pay homage to the women and men serving as peacekeepers, and express our condolences for those who have sacrificed their lives in the line of duty.