Statement by H.E. Ertuğrul Apakan, Permanent Representative of the Mission of the Republic of Turkey to the UN, at the Security Council Open Debate on "Interdepence Between Security and Development"

Ertuğrul Apakan 11.02.2011
Madam President,

I would like to thank the Presidency of Brazil for organizing this open debate on this important issue. Let me also thank the Secretary General, the President of the PBC and Ms. Cliffe from the World Bank for their useful briefings.

I believe that, following extensive discussions in the Council last year and the most recent open debate organized by the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, today’s meeting provides us with an opportunity to further discuss the issues related to peacekeeping and peacebuilding from a different angle.

Madam President,

I wish to commend Ambassador Viotti, Permanent Representative of Brazil, and her team for preparing the comprehensive concept note and the PRST that highlight the issues and challenges which need more attention by the UN and other actors involved in security and development. I shall dwell upon only a few points that I believe are of particular importance.

In the last couple of years, the Security Council has been very much preoccupied with how to improve its response to the conflict situations, and in this context, has been grappling with the need to establish the right connections between peacekeeping and peacebuilding, and between security and development. This suggests that there is an ever growing recognition that sustainable peace cannot be solely based on security or development and that both should go hand in hand so as to form a coherent whole.

There is no doubt that conflict stalls development, and lack of development breeds further instability and strife. There is a vicious circle between conflict and underdevelopment, which needs to be broken through coherent, inclusive and holistic strategies.

We have to be cautious not to adopt simplistic approaches and generalizations, since the relationship between peace, security and development depends on a complex web of issues and that every conflict situation has its own peculiar dynamics and conditions that need to be taken into account while calibrating our policies.

There is a unique mix of factors that influences the interplay between security and development in each country. In this regard, we need to pay a particular attention to the context-specific political dynamics and institutional features in each country as a way to ensure an environment where lasting security and development can be made possible.

To achieve a durable security and development, we should ensure an active engagement of all local stakeholders. It is of critical importance to work closely with the local people. National ownership and national responsibility are key factors for a sustainable peace.

As the Secretary General underlined in his statement, fragile countries facing stark inequality and weak institutions are at increased risk of conflict. For this reason, it is important to build and strengthen national institutions. In our efforts, we should give due consideration to the production capacity and job creation as well.

A regional approach is also necessary for our efforts to succeed. In many cases, both security and development have regional implications. In our view, the effective cooperation at regional level, active role of the sub-regional and regional organizations, and close coordination and partnership among various UN entities, World Bank, other financial organizations and regional organizations are of particular importance.

On the other hand, the linkage between security and development is also changing. Therefore, there is a need for a new and fresh assessment to better cope with the evolving challenges.

We should also pay due attention to the need to improve the effectiveness and impact of the ongoing peacebuilding programs and activities. These require, among others, the deployment of the staff with a better understanding of the interlinkages between security and development.

We also place special emphasis on the role of women in all phases of our efforts in peacekeeping, peacebuilding and development. We should further try to ensure an increased participation of women.

Madam President,

Rethinking development policies, investing on preventive diplomacy, building capacities and integrating peacekeeping and peacebuilding are all priority issues for Turkey. As an emerging donor country, we will continue to actively pursue these issues within the UN and other fora.

With this understanding, Turkey will host the 4th UN Conference on the LDCs in May in Istanbul. We expect that this Conference will bring fresh impetus to the process of development cooperation for assisting the LDCs towards sustainable economic growth and development. In this regard, we hope, the crucial interrelation between development and security will be an important part of our discussions in Istanbul.

Thank you Madam President.