Statement by Turkey on “Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Securıty Council and other Matters Related to the Security Council” at the General Assembly

Feridun H. Sinirlioğlu 21.11.2018
Madam President,

Thank you for convening this debate and for your commitment to the Security Council reform process.
We have aligned ourselves with the statement delivered by the Permanent Representative of Italy on behalf of the Uniting for Consensus Group.
I would like to make the following additional remarks in my national capacity.

Madam President,
The need for Security Council reform is both necessary and urgent.
We must make sure that the reformed Council reflects the realities of our time.
For that, we must strive for a reform that ensures that the Security Council continues to be a mirror of the contemporary world, a world that is ever changing.
Therefore the outcome of the reform process should not create a static body.
This requires a comprehensive and inclusive approach.
This requires emphasizing the common good over individual national interests.
Needless to say that the resulting reform should be adopted by the acceptance of all member states.
This is the only way the Security Council can be more representative, more democratic, more accountable and more effective.

Madam President,
The insistence on increasing the number of permanent members of the Council is the main reason for the lack of progress in the reform process.
Yet, time and again, the discussion on Security Council reform is exhausted by efforts to allocate additional permanent seats with veto rights.
Make no mistake: Permanent membership with the right of veto is the reason why we need to reform the Council in the first place.
It is the very reason why the Security Council has on many occasions failed to carry out its mandate and provide timely and adequate responses to crises.
It serves nothing but the national interests of those who hold this privilege.
It makes the Security Council dysfunctional, unaccountable and undemocratic.
And that erodes trust on the UN and multilateralism as a whole.
The reform process needs to look for ways to address the current problems of the Security Council, not for ways to consolidate them.
The Security Council will be more representative and responsive if we increase the number of elected seats and the possibility for all member states to serve in the Council.
The Security Council will be more accountable if the performance of members are subjected to periodic elections.
A better ratio between the non-permanent and permanent members will improve the decision-making process and the Council will be more effective.

Madam President,
The Security Council needs to fulfill its mission as the primary UN organ in maintaining international peace and security.
It is time to work together constructively and achieve the widest possible agreement.
We invite all member states to demonstrate the political will and flexibility to facilitate the reform process.

Thank you very much.