Joint Statement on behalf of MIKTA countries to be delivered at the High-level Thematic Debate of the General Assembly on peace and security“In a World of Risks: A New Commitment for Peace”

Y. Halit Çevik 10.05.2016
Joint Statement on behalf of MIKTA countries
to be delivered at the High-level Thematic Debate of the General Assembly on peace and security
“In a World of Risks: A New Commitment for Peace”
(10-11 May 2016)

Mr President of the General Assembly,

On behalf of the MIKTA countries, Australia, Indonesia, Mexico, Republic of Korea and Turkey, we would like to congratulate you for your initiative in organizing this important High-level Thematic Debate on today’s challenges and threats to international peace and security.

• As the MIKTA countries, we are keenly aware of the global nature and scale of the increasingly complex, asymmetrical and transnational challenges the world currently faces. The capacity of the UN is seriously being outpaced by the scale of global challenges.

• Whether armed conflicts, humanitarian tragedies, refugee crises, terrorism, violent extremism, or transnational organized crime, it is clear that the simultaneous crises and rapidly changing nature of conflict, is placing unprecedented strain on the resources of the United Nations system to prevent or respond to such challenges.

• During this 70th session, it is clear to us that the international community needs to collectively strengthen its support for the work of the United Nations.

• To this end, the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations, the Peacebuilding Architecture Review and the Global Study on the implementation of resolution 1325 on women, peace and security provide key recommendations on how to improve the functioning of the United Nations system and ensure that it is fit for purpose.

• Key cross-cutting messages from these Reviews deserve particular focus and attention. These include:

- recognizing the importance of ‘sustaining peace’ and of taking a comprehensive approach to efforts to prevent the outbreak, escalation, continuation and recurrence of conflict;

- understanding the primacy of politics in these efforts;

- emphasizing that activities to ‘sustain peace’ must take into account the needs of all segments of society;

- urgently addressing United Nations system-wide fragmentation, particularly through greater joint analysis and strategic planning across the system; and

- acknowledging the importance of continuing to empower women and of responding to the particular impact of global conflict on women through gender-sensitive actions.

• As we all aware of, many of these messages – particularly on conflict prevention – are echoed in other key recent outcomes.

Mr President,

• As we meet today, with the benefit of the assessments and recommendations of these reviews, and bearing in mind the importance of close consultation with Member States, we must now turn our attention to effective implementation.

• To this end, we acknowledge the Secretary-General’s announcement on 11 April that “almost 90 percent” of the actions put forward in his report on the Future of United Nations Peace Operations “are at various stages of implementation”. Going forward, we encourage this momentum to be maintained, including the efforts to better prioritize mandates and to implement protection of civilian mandates, without prejudice to the primary responsibility of the host governments. Furthermore, we call on the United Nations and its member states to comply with the “zero tolerance policy” against sexual exploitation and abuse cases.

• While we strongly support implementation efforts underway, we do so noting our common view that they should never be seen as substitute to an effective and viable political solution. To this end, we encourage the United Nations to strengthen its capacity for the peaceful resolution of conflicts and to promote accountability, transparency and performance. Whether the United Nations Secretariat, the Good Offices of the Secretary-General, United Nations regional offices, or special political missions, the United Nations can and should play a more proactive role in conflict prevention and in the peaceful resolution of conflicts. Allow me to also take this opportunity to pay tribute to the men and women peacekeepers who have given their lives in serving the cause of peace.

• On the Global Study on women, peace, and security, we welcome the adoption of Security Council resolution 2242 (2015) and the detailed commitments it contains to improving implementation of resolution 1325. We reaffirm the importance of ensuring a comprehensive strategy in the UN System to increase the representation of women at all decision-making levels in national, regional and international institutions and mechanisms for the prevention, and resolution of conflict, as well as to facilitate women participation in peace processes and meaningful inclusion in negotiating parties’ delegations to peace talks.

• And on the Peacebuilding Architecture Review, we strongly welcome the simultaneous adoption, by the Security Council and the General Assembly, of the substantially identical resolutions aimed at strengthening the UN’s work to sustain peace. On this, we express our sincere hope that these resolutions, will meaningfully contribute to addressing organizational fragmentation, and to improving the United Nations’ ability to respond across the whole conflict-cycle. We note the unique role of the Peacebuilding Commission to this end, and hope that it will play an enhanced role in supporting United Nations preventive efforts towards sustainable peace.

• In this spirit, we would also like to note our support for the work currently underway towards the next General Assembly resolution on mediation, which will have a strong emphasis on conflict prevention.

Mr President,

• Over coming months it is vital that all stakeholders – Member States, the UN Secretariat, regional and sub-regional organizations, and civil society – play a part in helping to implement the key findings and recommendations of the Review reports, and to demonstrate our collective commitment to improving the United Nations’ ability to respond to international peace and security challenges. The lives of the most vulnerable people in the world are depending on it.

I thank you.