Statement by Turkey at the Annual Debate on agenda item 122 entitled “Question of equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council and other matters related to the Security Council”

Feridun H. Sinirlioğlu 16.11.2020
Mr. President,

Thank you for convening this meeting. We highly appreciate your commitment to the Security Council reform process.

Turkey has aligned itself with the statement delivered by the Permanent Representative of Italy on behalf of the Uniting for Consensus Group. I will make the following remarks in my national capacity.

Mr. President,

The challenges we have recently faced have underlined the importance of international cooperation.

Today, the need to strengthen global solidarity and cooperation is more than ever.

This effort will start here, at the United Nations, at the very heart and soul of multilateralism.

Unfortunately, even in these difficult days, the Security Council has on several occasions failed to carry out its mandate and respond to crises in an adequate manner.

There is a growing gap between the Council’s responsibilities and performance.

The lack of legitimacy of the Council in the eyes of the world public opinion is staggering.

Mr. President,

We all agree that the Security Council must be more transparent, more representative, more accountable and more effective.

And we all agree that the current membership composition of the Security Council does not reflect the realities of our time. It is a historical relic from the end of the Second World War.

But the remedy to these problems cannot be repeating the same mistake again, by according privileges to a selected few.

The reform of the Security Council is an issue with broad implications for the national interests of member states, as well as for the work of the UN. So our approach must be comprehensive and inclusive, aiming at consensus.

If indeed all Member States are equal, a reform that only serves a minority cannot be imposed on the entire membership.

We need to focus on the common good, and not on narrowly defined national interests.

The insistence on increasing the number of permanent members of the Council to the benefit of a few member states has been the major reason for the lack of progress in the reform process.

We support an increase in the number of elected seats and the chance for all member states to be represented in the Council. Member states, no matter big or small, developed or least developed, deserve a better chance to serve in the Council.

The veto power, on the other hand, has only served the national interests of those who hold it. Adding more of the same power into the Council will not serve the common good. On the contrary,
this is a recipe for more dysfunctionality and less accountability.

If we are serious about making progress in the reform process, we need to focus on this attainable objectives that serve the common good.

Mr. President,
Turkey firmly believes in the virtue of the membership-driven nature of the reform process within the IGN.
We strongly believe in the power of dialogue and oppose any procedural shortcuts.

We have full confidence in the Permanent Representative of Poland, Ambassador Joanna Wronecka and the Permanent Representative of Qatar, Ambassador Alya Al Thani to steer this process as co-facilitators. They can count on our full cooperation and support.

We call on all member states to work together constructively towards the common good in order to achieve the widest possible agreement.

Thank you.