Joint MIKTA Statement at the UN Security Council on “Promoting the Implementation of the Women, Peace and Security Agenda and Sustaining Peace through Women’s Political and Economic Empowerment”

Bilge Koçyiğit Grba 25.10.2018
Mr. President,

I have the honor to deliver this statement on behalf of the MIKTA countries, namely Mexico, Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, Turkey and Australia.

At the outset, we would like to express our appreciation to the Bolivian Presidency for convening today’s Security Council debate on the Women, Peace and Security agenda. We also thank the Secretary-General for his recent report (S/2018/900).

As we approach the 20th anniversary of Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) which set the foundation for the Women, Peace and Security agenda, the MIKTA countries believe that it is critical to take stock of our achievements and to discuss our further collective and individual efforts.

Mr. President,

The MIKTA countries recognize the key role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts as well as in peacebuilding and sustaining peace. We remain committed to increase women’s participation in all aspects of peace and security, including women’s political participation and leadership. We believe that women’s political and economic empowerment is crucial to both the prevention of conflicts and the stabilization of societies emerging from armed conflict.

We also attach importance to our commitments to achieve gender equality, which is key for the fulfillment of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In that regard, we would like to note that all MIKTA countries are members of the Group of Friends for Gender Parity.

The MIKTA countries acknowledge the importance of seven subsequent resolutions of the Security Council, in establishing a sound, normative framework for the implementation of the women, peace and security agenda by the UN system and Member States. As a result, there has been increased development of programs to increase women’s participation, as leaders in military and law enforcement and as peacebuilders in treaty and peace agreements negotiations. There has been deeper awareness and more serious attention of the vulnerability and asymmetric impact of conflict on women.

Despite the progress, women and girls still face daunting challenges. We note with deep concern that sexual violence has become a routine tactical element of war and armed conflict. Rape, sexual exploitation, forced marriage, sexual abuse and torture constitute abhorrent violations of human rights and human dignity.

We underscore that sexual abuse and gender-based violence are linked to gender inequality, poverty, exclusion and discrimination.

The MIKTA countries therefore believe it is imperative to directly address these root causes of conflict, including the promotion of gender equality, and greater and meaningful participation of women in all forms of mediation, prevention of conflicts, UN Peace Operations, post-conflict recovery and peacebuilding processes. We also support the importance of increasing gender advisors in UN Peace Operations.

Further efforts are required to see more women gain positions of leadership seats at the negotiating table, enhancing their engagement in political and economic decision-making at all stages of peace process, as well as for the implementation of peace agreements.
According to UN Women statistics, civilians, the majority of whom are women and children, constitute almost 90 percent of the casualties in contemporary conflicts. Whereas, fewer than four percent of signatories to peace agreements are women and less than 10 percent of negotiators at peace tables are women.

At a time when the causes and effects of conflicts easily spread across borders, regional and international coordination and cooperation remain important tools in addressing the challenges we face. With this understanding, MIKTA, as a cross-regional group of countries on different continents, underscores its readiness to contribute to international efforts to advance the Women, Peace and Security agenda.

Thank you.