Statement by Turkey at UNSC Open Debate on “Maintenance of International Peace and Security: Strengthening Multilateralism and the Role of the UN”

Feridun H. Sinirlioğlu 09.11.2018
Mr. President,
I would also like to thank you for organizing this open debate on a matter of increasing relevance.
73 years ago, in San Francisco, we committed ourselves to strenghening the “three pillars” of the current international system: peace and security, human rights and development.
Building on this commitment, we developed institutions and adopted rules.
These institutions and rules help us resolve our differences peacefully.
They enable us to establish norms for dealing with global challenges, from climate change to weapons of mass destruction.
They help regulate free trade and secure movement of financial services.
We all know that these institutions and rules are not perfect. The necessity of reform is well known.
We may not completely agree on how to best fix the system. But we can all agree on the benefits of a rule-based world order.
We can all agree that the correct approach is neither unilateralism nor exceptionalism.
Unilateralism is a departure from our common values. It is not a sign of good leadership.
Exceptionalism is a departure from our joint responsibilities. It is not a sign of strength.
If we want everyone to commit to a rule-based system, we need to lead by example. And the new age of multilateralism can only start here, at the UN headquarters.

Mr. President,
The UN system can be more responsive, efficient and effective.
It can once again lead and inspire. We need to define our priorities better to that end.
First, we must reform the Security Council into a more transparent, democratic, representative and accountable body.
The more transparency the Council displays while undertaking its work, the more accountable it will be. The more it shares information, consults and accepts input, the more effective it will become.
A more responsive Council to the UN membership will be better placed to meet the challenges of an increasingly complex world.
Any success in this process depends on a genuine spirit of compromise among us, without exception.
Let’s remember that by signing the UN Charter, we reaffirmed our “faith in the equal rights of nations large and small.”
Second, the UN needs to devise more effective ways of preventing conflicts and crises.
To do so, we must address the root causes properly.
Building and sustaining peace requires us to fight poverty, inequality, extremism and discrimination as well.
We also need to promote human rights and the rule of law. We need to ensure increased participation and economic empowerment of all segments of society.
At the same time, the UN can make use of Chapter VI tools more often.
The guiding principles of mediation and good offices have solid foundation in the Charter.
This is why, the Group of Friends of Mediation, co-chaired by Turkey and Finland, strives to increase the role of mediation in the prevention and resolution of conflicts.
Third, the principle of local ownership should be at the core of our collective efforts within the UN system.
Successful partnerships with local governments, civil society and private sector are key factors in effective mobilization of resources.
One such recent initiative has been the Global Compact on Migration process.
Over the last 18 months, we conducted together an inclusive and transparent dialogue with the contribution of civil society.
We were able to bridge our differences.
We collectively achieved a positive outcome to create better lives for 260 million migrants around the world.
Now, we look forward to the adoption of Global Compact on Migration in Marrakech.
The Compact is an inspiring testament to the importance of multilateralism.
It is an example of the moral vision that we can inject into the heart of the international system.

Mr. President,
The underlying message during this open debate has been the necessity to uphold multilateralism and enhance international cooperation against all odds. The Council has an important role to play to that end.
Increased transparency and effectiveness will further enhance the legitimacy of this body. That, in turn, will only strengthen the UN’s role in achieving peace, security and economic prosperity to the benefit of all, with a renewed commitment to multilateralism.
Thank you very much.