Statement by Mr. Fazlı Çorman, Deputy Permanent Representative of Turkey to the United Nations, at the Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform (The Relationship Between The Security Council and the General Assembly)

Fazlı Çorman 20.04.2009
Mr. Chairman,

Allow me to begin by expressing our appreciation to you for convening today's meeting. I would also like to thank you for your letter dated 16 April 2009, which constitutes a useful background material for today's discussion on "the relationship between the Security Council and the General Assembly."

The report of the Open-Ended Working Group on Council Reform, contained in document A/61/47, has addressed this issue in conjunction with "the working methods of the Security Council", which were discussed at the previous session of intergovernmental negotiations. This is yet another example of the well-established linkages and interconnections existing among all of the five clusters contained in Decision 62/557 of the General Assembly. Evidently, no single topic stands in isolation from the rest and hence all need to be considered in a comprehensive fashion, taking into account every linkage and interface existing among these key issues.

Mr. Chairman,

Today's topic is also closely linked to another significant component of the ongoing reform process of the United Nations, namely, the revitalization of the General Assembly. This issue is being discussed in an Ad Hoc Working Group of the General Assembly, and we are pleased that this Working Group held last week its first meeting of this year. The existence of these two separate fora, in our opinion, should not lead to an artificial compartmentalization of these two issues. In fact, the reform process would not be complete without achieving meaningful progress on the revitalization of the main deliberative and representative organ of the United Nations, that is, the General Assembly. Further enhancement of the role, authority and effectiveness of the General Assembly and establishment of a balance between the General Assembly and the Council should therefore be among of the main objectives of the reform process.

Mr. Chairman,

We have heard from so many delegations time and again in this forum that any reform of the Council should be aimed at establishing a more democratic, more representative and more accountable Council. The principles of democracy and accountability imply responsibility of the Council towards the General Assembly. We believe that such a responsibility could best be exercised through established mechanisms of periodic elections. This is the main premise that underlie our support for the expansion of the Council exclusively in the non-permanent category.

Mr. Chairman,

Since this is the last session of the first round of the intergovernmental negotiations, I would also like to briefly comment on the way forward. We agree with you that we have had a very useful and productive exchange of views during the first round. And we look forward to the second round of these negotiations.

We also believe that it may be worthwhile for the membership to take stock of the first-round discussion in a comprehensive way prior to the commencement of the second round. So far, we have held five thematic meetings, each concentrating on one single aspect of the five key issues specified in Decision 62/557. Given the obvious linkages and interconnections among these five issues, it may be useful to dedicate maybe one or two sessions to further study these linkages. Incidentally, the "overview" that you intend to prepare at the end of the first round may serve as an input for this exercise.

Taking this opportunity, I would like to commend the leadership and guidance which you have provided during the first round of the negotiations.